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Working Mothers

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Waylon Allen
Waylon Allen

Crack Para Bibliotecas Xl.epub __LINK__

in this study, rncs were successfully fabricated, using contemporary fabrication techniques. this study was performed in vitro, simulating a clinical loading situation. the results are promising, however, further in vitro studies, evaluating crack initiation sites, are required to further investigate the failure mechanisms.

Crack Para Bibliotecas Xl.epub

damage mode distribution was different for rnc and ld crowns, with the former presenting more inner cone cracks, which would eventually result in bulk fracture. rnc crowns showed less resistance to fatigue and were more likely to present cohesive fractures when compared to ld crowns, which presented more outer and inner cone cracks. however, both types of crowns presented catastrophic failure, as well as cohesive fractures. it is worth noting that rnc crowns presented high subsurface damage scores, showing the need for improving the material and manufacturing methods.

scoring was performed according to subsurface damage severity. debonded crowns were considered failures and excluded from subsurface damage analysis. cohesive and catastrophic fractures were scored as failures, as well as radial cracks and inner cone cracks that reached the cementation surface, due to their potential to lead to bulk fracture.

ceramic crowns (cs) used in this study were all lithium disilicate glass ceramic (mean vickers hardness, 50 vhn; mean fracture toughness, 14 mpam33- sailer i, makarov na, thoma ds, zwahlen m, pjetursson be. all-ceramic or metal-ceramic tooth-supported fixed dental prostheses (fdps) a systematic review of the survival and complication rates. part i: single crowns (scs). dent mater. 2015;31(6):603-23. by number of cycles to failure) with five different dimensions (4 mm in diameter, 3.5 mm in height, 2 mm in occlusal diameter, and 1 mm in occlusal thickness, and the occlusal surface was polished to 600-grit. cs were anatomically reduced for full crown preparation; composite resin crowns (cr) (e.max cr, ivoclar vivadent; liechtenten, germany) with identical anatomic contours were designed and milled in cerec system (inlab 4.0 and mc xl, sirona dental systems; long island city, ny, usa) with minimum occlusal thickness of 2 mm. lithium disilicate crowns were crystallized and glazed and resin nanoceramic crowns were polished, according to manufacturer's instructions. the study was approved by the ethics committee of the university of lís (ce-caae: 02068912.8.0000.5248) and by the ethics committee of the school of dentistry of university of rondonópolis (ce 061/13). all participants and guardians signed informed consent form and an informed consent was obtained from each patient/guardian prior to study. four millimeters below the cemento-enamel junction (cej), an incision was made in the crown margin and a gingival incision was made with a round bur in a high-speed handpiece. the margins were then finished and polished. a thin layer of mineral trioxide aggregate (mta) was placed over the pulp chamber orifice and the pulp chamber was covered with composite resin (filtek z350, 3m espe; st. paul, mn, usa) for approximately 40 s to ensure adequate adaptation of the cement to the pulp chamber. all crowns were cemented with composite resin cement (panavia f 2.0, kuraray; osaka, japan). cementation was performed after complete setting of the mta. patients were advised to avoid chewing hard foods and to refrain from brushing the restoration for 2 months. after the initial adjustment period, patients were examined every 3 months for 12 months. at each visit, the following clinical parameters were recorded: gingival health (using the gingival index [gi] and plaque index [pi]), soft tissue health (using the modified gingival index [mgi]), loss of occlusal contact points (using a probe), and marginal discoloration. all assessments were performed by the same investigator. patient's satisfaction was also recorded.


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